Gestational diabetes mellitus (DMG) is a medical condition characterized by an increase in high blood sugar that persists during pregnancy in women who did not have diabetes before becoming pregnant.
In normal people, blood sugar levels are regulated by the hormone insulin, which makes glucose in the bloodstream can enter cells. But during pregnancy, a woman’s body produces more hormones, such as estrogen, which causes the body to become resistant to insulin.
Treatment for gestational diabetes during pregnancy includes:
Eat a balanced diet
Once you know that you have gestational diabetes, you can consult a nutritionist to make a healthy eating plan. You will also learn how to limit the amount of carbohydrates you eat as a way to control blood sugar.
Try to actively exercise 30 minutes a day, at least 5 days a week. Exercising regularly during pregnancy can help insulin in your body work better and control blood sugar levels. If you have never exercised before, talk with your doctor before starting.
Check blood sugar levels
Check your blood sugar levels regularly. Monitoring blood sugar levels can help prevent low blood sugar and high blood sugar. Talk to your doctor about how often you should check your blood sugar.
Carry out regular medical examinations
Take time to visit the doctor regularly. At the visit, the doctor will later check your blood pressure and test your urine sample. The doctor will also ask about your blood sugar levels, what you have eaten, how often you exercise, and how much you gained weight.
Take diabetes medications and insulin injections
Your doctor may give insulin injections to help control your blood sugar. There are also pills called glyburide and metformin which are used for type 2 diabetes, which some doctors use to treat women suffering from gestational diabetes. The combination of the two drugs causes side effects, such as headaches, digestive disorders, and the risk of hypoglycemia.