Diabetics are often susceptible to injury. This happens because diabetes causes a decrease in the body’s resistance to infection and inhibits the wound healing process.
High blood sugar levels in diabetics will cause health problems in organs and body parts such as eyes, kidneys, heart, and oral cavity.
Abnormalities and disorders in the oral cavity of diabetics that often arise are:
- Fungal infections.
- Dry mouth.
- Tasting disorders.
- Impaired wound healing in the mouth.
- Gum inflammation and inflammation of the supporting tissues of the teeth.
- Teething in children with diabetes will occur earlier.
- Rocking teeth.
Of the many abnormalities in the oral cavity that occur, inflammation of the tooth supporting tissue disease (gums and alveolar bone) is the most common disorder found in diabetics. In addition, dental support tissue infections that are severe enough can increase blood sugar levels so that diabetes is increasingly difficult to control.
How to prevent abnormalities in the oral cavity in diabetics?
The most important thing to do is commit to keeping blood sugar levels as normal as possible. For this reason, follow your doctor’s advice about which diets to take and what medications to take. In addition, there are some things that you need to pay attention to such as:
- Control the dentist regularly, so that the condition of the oral cavity can be monitored properly. Tell your dentist that you have diabetes and also about the condition of diabetes.
- Brushing your teeth twice a day in the morning after breakfast and at night before going to bed. To avoid gum injury when brushing your teeth, use a soft toothbrush and gently brush with fluoride containing toothpaste.
- Clean the cracks of the teeth. Usually this is done using dental floss or dental floss once a day.
- Use an alcohol-free antibacterial mouthwash, especially if you experience dry mouth disorders.
- If you use removable dentures, remove them when you sleep at night and clean them every day.
- Start paying attention to your oral cavity and watch out for signs of abnormalities such as swollen gums, redness, and bleeding.
- Stop smoking, because smoking can increase serious complications in diabetics.